Historic solutions of COP10 (10th Convention of biology diversity)
Radical reform of the global economic paradigm towards the "green economy" should bring the agreements reached within the 10th Conference UN Convention on Biodiversity (COP 10) in Nagoya, Japan (18 to 29 October 2010).
Achim Steiner (head of UN Environment Programme and the Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD): "COP10 set a new benchmark of understanding the huge economic value of biodiversity of forests, wetlands and other ecosystems. ... This conference has set an inspiring goal, and drivers of fundamental change towards a sustainable "green economy" ... has provided "an innovative solution to the challenges and opportunities for humanity to overcome poverty and move towards sustainable development (sustainable development)".
Until the last moment COP10 there was a threat that the contradictions among the member countries will not allow them to reach an agreement, and the conference ended in failure, as happened with the UN Climate Conference in Copenhagen in 2009. But still they were signed late last night on the final day.
1. Adopted a new strategic plan of the convention on biodiversity "2020 TARGET ", biodiversity and ecosystems for 2011-2020, which aims to replace failed the "2010 TARGET ". The Strategic Plan includes 20 points for the protection of fish stocks, against loss and degradation of natural habitats and the protection of large land and marine areas, including:
protecting 17% of the land and inland waters and 10% of coastal and marine areas by 2020 (now protected 13% of land area, and 1% of the ocean)
take effective and immediate action to halt biodiversity loss by 2020, the ecosystem are sustainable
decrease by 2 times the rate of loss of natural habitats, including forests, and where possible to 0, and a significant decrease in the degradation and fragmentation
transition to sustainable consumption of aquatic flora and fauna (fish, invertebrates, plants)
2. Protocol was adopted on genetic resources, which is also called ABS (International Regime on Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources), which regulates the participation of bio resources suppliers in profits from the exploitation of their biological and genetic resources - from animals and plants to fungi.
3. Was adopted by the financial plan and announced the development of methods taking into account the 'natural capital' in the national accounts of countries (World Bank, UNEP).
4. Also established the Mission 2020 - to take immediate action to halt loss of biodiversity for human prosperity.
In Nagoya, was presented the final report of the global study of The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB), held at the initiative of UNEP. At the conference, countries such as Brazil and India have declared their readiness to embark on their national research TEEB. Current funding for biodiversity protection - $ 3 trillion a year, but some developing countries believe that there are need to increase by 100 times. By 2020, projected a significant increase.
It was announced a partnership between the World Bank and UNEP to develop a national system of "green" accounts in order to maintain the natural capital in national economic plans. This project will initially be implemented in 6-10 countries, including Colombia and Mexico.
Delegates are hoping that solutions will be a positive signal for sunken climate negotiations, when the rich and poor countries failed to agree over how to share the burden of the costs of curbing greenhouse gas emissions. Climate negotiations will begin in a month in Mexico.
Last Updated (Tuesday, 08 November 2011 10:54)